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Main Differences Between British & American English

USA and UK flags for English

You may believe you have mastered the English language only to discover that different rules and words exist between American English and British English. We're going to discuss some of the main differences you will normally encounter.

 

 

 

Vocabulary

One of the first differences you will notice between British and American English are the word choices used by people of both areas. Some words only exist in one form of English, whereas others may exist in both, but contain completely different meanings.

The following table shows some of the common differences in English vocabulary:

American English British English
Trunk Boot
Elevator Lift
Hood Bonnet
Truck Lorry
Freeway Motorway
Gas/Gasoline Petrol
Apartment Flat

 

The word "jelly" in American English means "jam" in British English, and the word "Jello" in British English means "jelly" in American English.

If you order "chips" in England, you will be served what are known as French fries in the United States or Canada. You need to ask for "crisps" in Great Britain if you actually want potato chips. Are you confused yet?

You have to be very careful with the words you choose because a term such as "pants" in American English actually refers to "panties" in British English and the word "rubber" is used to mean an eraser in American English, rather than a condom.

 

Spelling

Many words are also spelled differently in American and British English.

  • British words that end in –our (colour, flavour and humour) end in –or in American English (color, flavor & humor)
  • British words that end in –re (litre, centre, theatre) end in –er in American English (liter, center, theater)
  • British words that end in –ise or –yse (minimise, realise, analyse) end in –ize or –yze in American English (minimize, realize, analyze)
  • British words that end in –ence (pretence, defence) end in –ense in American English (pretense, defense)

 

Grammar

Grammar rules are often different in American and British English. For example, writers of American English include periods after every initial such as F.B.I. However, writers of British English exclude the full stops for initialisms such as BBC.

British writers also normally include punctuation marks outside of the quotation marks. For example, "She ran all the way home". American English writers place the quotation marks inside the quotation marks: "She ran even faster when she heard her mother call!"